What are Sesame Bones? ABC

Sesamoid bones are small bony structures which play a significant role in the biomechanics of our body.

Especially the location in tendon length and the ability to reduce friction makes them sesame seeds essential for the proper functioning of many joints; this applies to men and women of all ages, but as is often the case, it is even more important for those involved in high-level sports, especially runners.

So let’s see Which ones are they and how to treat a painful condition that occurs on certain occasions.

Sesame bones: what are they?

The sesame seeds I am small bones, present in the human body. Most of them measure a few millimeters; that’s the reason for the name “sesamoids” of Galenone of the fathers of western medicine, due to its roughly similar shape sesame seeds. However, there are some that are slightly larger than others, such as pisiform bone (which is located in wrist) A sesamoid bone of the knee (PUSH Czechlargest ever).

As expected, despite their size, the sesame bones play a role key roleespecially for strengthening weak points in tendon structure. They are formed through the process of endochondral ossification starting from the early cartilaginous buds located inside the tendons.

However, some of these designs may never go through the above process in an individual’s life. It is possible to classify accordingly sesame seeds in two distinct categories: you constants (characterized by regular ossification of cartilaginous buds) a inconsistent bones (ossification occurs only in some objects).

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Sesame bones: where are they located

The sesame seeds they can be traced to various parts of the human body; are located in tendonsespecially the gods flexor muscles. The most famous are probably those frommetatarsophalangeal joint of the big toe (two small bones). The leg bones they play a very important role in the biomechanics of the latter and in shock absorption during walking. Moreover, they can be found sesame seeds close joints of the hand and the gods tendons of the legs.

Location sesame plants is essential to their function; actually they they reduce the friction between tendon and bone, enabling better transmission of muscle power and improving the stability of the involved joints. This is especially noticeable in the big toe area where they contribute distribute body weight during the walk race and other activities.

Sesamoiditis, how it occurs and why

Sesamoiditis is a painful condition that involves inflammation, discomfort and pain in the sesamoid bones of the leg (in the vast majority of cases) due to the high stress this area is subjected to. Triggering factors sesamoiditis they can vary but are generally associated with overuse or trauma.

The most common causes of sesamoiditis depend on the anatomy of the foot and the use of inappropriate footwear that affects the big toe (it often tends to bend upwards, for example). This can increase pressure on the sesamoid bones and surrounding tendons, which causes inflammation and pain. Athletes, especially I runnersthey are more likely to develop the condition.

Other common reasons include: in direct traumasuch as kicks or impacts, which damage the surrounding bones or tendons. Some people may also have a genetic predisposition to the development of this condition. Inflammation of the sesamoid muscles can lead to swelling, sharp pain underinch and difficulty even walking; e.gyear to understand if the sesamoid shield is broken, you need to undergo an X-ray after consulting a doctor.

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How to cure sesamoiditis

The treatment of sesamoiditis varies depending on the severity of the condition and its underlying causes. Fortunately, there are several therapeutic options which can be considered as a solution to this painful inflammation.

In many cases it is rest it is a crucial aspect of recovery. For light the sesame seedsperiod is required immobilizationoften through use orthopedic braces which help reduce pressure on the sesamoid bones and allow them to heal without additional stress. PUSH physical therapy it is another important option in the treatment of sesamoiditis; in fact, a Program from targeted exercises according to physiotherapist it can strengthen surrounding muscles and improve joint mobility.

In some cases, the doctor may prescribe appropriate medication for pain relief or topical treatment such as ointment for metatarsalgiain order to reduce localized inflammation. further devices such as inserts or specific paddingthey can reduce pressure on the sesamoid bones by helping to distribute body weight more evenly across the foot.

Finally, in case sesamoiditis is particularly severe or unresponsive to other therapies, surgery it may be the last option to consider. During surgery, an orthopedist can remove one or both of the affected sesamoid bones or repair damaged tendons.

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